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Sections: Cancer research | Cancer prevention | Czech oncology | NOP On-line project

Global microbial signatures for colorectal cancer
1. 4. 2019 EMBL Press Release | More information...

Cancers have long been known to arise due to environmental exposures such as unhealthy diet or smoking. Lately, the microbes living in and on our body have entered the stage as key players: while stomach cancer can be caused by a single bacterial species, Helicobacter pylori, the role that gut microbes play in the development of colorectal cancer – the third most common cancer worldwide – is less clear. To determine their influence, association studies aim to map how the microbes colonizing the gut of colorectal cancer patients are different from those that inhabit healthy subjects.

Can you “catch” cancer?
25. 3. 2019 Frontiers Press Release | More information...

Billions worldwide are infected with tropical worms. Unsurprisingly, most of these people live in poor countries, kept poor by the effects of worm-related malnourishment. What may surprise many is that worms also cause the majority of cases of some cancers in these countries. Published in Frontiers in Medicine as a special article collection on parasite-associated malignancy [1], new research aims to inform prevention and treatment – and perhaps even turn worms against cancer.

Early menopause in smokers linked to bladder cancer
15. 3. 2019 European Association of Urology Press Release | More information...
Research shows that experiencing menopause before the age of 45 is associated with a higher risk of bladder cancer. This higher risk was notable if the woman is a smoker. The study, which looked at health outcomes of more than 220,000 US Nurses, is presented at the European Association of Urology congress in Barcelona.
Colon cancer growth reduced by exercise
28. 2. 2019 The Physiological Society Press Release | More information...

Exercise may play a role in reducing the growth of colon cancer cells according to new research published in The Journal of Physiology [1]. The study found that after a short session of high intensity interval training (HIIT), growth of colon cancer cells was reduced, and this also increased indicators of inflammation.

Researchers develop comprehensive new way to predict breast cancer risk
15. 1. 2019 Cancer Research UK Press Release | More information...

Scientists have created the most comprehensive method yet to predict a woman’s risk of breast cancer, according to a study by Cancer Research UK published in Genetics in Medicine [1].

New cervical cancer test has 100 per cent detection rate
14. 12. 2018 Queen Mary University of London Press Release | More information...
A new test for cervical cancer was found to detect all of the cancers in a randomised clinical screening trial of 15,744 women, outperforming both the current Pap smear and human papillomavirus (HPV) test at a reduced cost, according to a study led by Queen Mary University of London.
Cancers in 2012 due to overweight and obesity: the Czech Republic has the highest proportion in Europe
26. 11. 2014 International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), Institute of Biostatistics and Analyses (IBA MU) | More information...

A new study by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), the specialised cancer agency of the World Health Organization (WHO), shows that nearly half a million new cancer cases per year can be attributed to high body mass index (BMI).

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